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St. Louis Union Station Architectural Drawings (WUA00363)

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Series A

Series B

Series C

Series D

Series E

Series F



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St. Louis Union Station Architectural Drawings (WUA00363), 1891-1970 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: St. Louis Union Station Architectural Drawings (WUA00363), 1891-1970Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/06/wua00363

Primary Creator: St. Louis Station Associates

Other Creators: Link, Theodore C. (Theodore Carl) (1850-1923)

Extent: 1500.0 Items

Arrangement:

The arrangement of the collection follows the scheme originally implemented by St. Louis Station Associates, into lettered and numbered sections, was retained by University Archives.

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: When requesting a drawing please include the drawer number, drawing number, description, and date. The drawing number is the four digit number that preceeds the description for each item.

Series A1: General Site, circa 1892-1969

Series A2: Electrical and Steam Lines, circa 1930-1966

Series A3: Train Shed, circa 1892-1965

Series A4: Terminal Hotel, circa 1894-1964

Series A5: Headhouse, circa 1892-1957

Series B1: Railway Express Agency (REA) Building, ca. 1892-1893

Series B2: Train Shed, ca. 1892-1893 (see also A-3)

Series B3: Headhouse, Levels B and 1, ca. 1892-1964

Series B4: Headhouse, Levels 2-5 and Roof, ca. 1902-1967

Series B5: Midway and 1937 Addition, ca. 1903-1960

Series C1: Subway Buildings, ca. 1903-1955

Series C2: Subway, ca. 1893-1930

Series C3: Subway, ca. 1902-1903

Series C4: 1903 Train Shed Extension, ca. 1903

Series  C5: 1900 Record Plats for TRRA, ca. 1900

Series D1: Butterfly Sheds, ca. 1924-1953

Series D2: Mail Buildings, ca. 1903-1961

Series D3: Railroad Company Buildings (Pullman Co., Alton Railroad, Wabash Railroad, Penn-Vandalia Railroad), ca. 1903-1967

Series D4: Diesel Station & Outer Buildings

Series E1: Power House, 1903-1953

Series E2: Power House and Water Treatment, ca. 1902-1949

Series E3: Signal Bridges and Switching Tower 1, ca. 1903-1940

Series E4: Structural Miscellaneous (includes pumps, engine, and boiler rooms, etc.), ca. 1903-1966

Series E5: Ticket Office Revisions, ca. 1942

Series F1: Fred Harvey's, ca. 1944-1967

Series F2: Subways and Depot Master's Office, ca. 1903-1929

Series F3: Fragile drawings

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: When requesting a drawing please include the drawer number, drawing number, description, and date. The drawing number is the four digit number that preceeds the description for each item.

Date Acquired: 00/00/1999

Subjects: Railroad stations--Missouri--Saint Louis., Railroad terminals--Missouri--Saint Louis Region., Union Station (St. Louis)

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection consists of approximately 1400 drawings documenting the construction of St. Louis Union Station, hotel, train shed, and associated buildings, along with many modifications to the station up to the 1970s.  Drawings from the 1890s-1920s are predominantly ink on white linen tracing cloth.  Other drawings include pencil on tracing paper, pencil on tracing cloth, mechanical reproductions including blueprints on paper, diazotypes on paper, and Xerox (electrostatic) prints on Mylar.

Approximate size and additional information given for select drawings, and items available in digital format are noted. 

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: When requesting drawings please include the folder number, drawing number, description, and date. The drawing number is the four digit number that precedes the description for each item.

Collection Historical Note

Union Station is generally attributed to Theodore C. Link, as the predominate architect throughout the building project. He was joined by other architects in the initial phases, from 1891 -1894 when the station opened, and in the subsequent construction of the adjoining Terminal Hotel.  Drawings early in the process were signed “Theo. C. Link and Edward A. Cameron.”  Later tracings for the Terminal Hotel include work by Alfred Paist Rosenheim and William B. Ittner, along with Link.

St. Louis Union Station is considered by many experts to be the grandest and the most important railway edifice erected before the close of the 19th-century.  Combined with James Eads' successful endeavor to span the Mississippi River with a novel multi-level railway and pedestrian bridge that unimpeded river traffic, St. Louis Union Station stood as convincing proof that St. Louis was at the country's center for transportation in the middle-west.

The architects, Theodore C. Link and Edward A. Cameron, sought to purposely capture both the solidity and permanence of established European architectural styles coupled with clever and practical solutions to serve the [then] modern and thriving world of tractive steam locomotive engines.

The St. Louis Union Station train shed was designed by Washington University graduate George H. Pegram. Due to the enormous span planned for the St. Louis Union Station train shed, Pegram's patented railroad bridge truss design proved to be the most practical to fabricate. This resulted in the world's largest train shed, measuring 700 by 606 feet and supporting the operation of thirty-two terminating tracks and gates, nineteen miles of track line, 130 switches, and 103 signals.

A building of mammoth proportions and elegant ornamental decoration, St. Louis Union Station was intended to accommodate thousands of travelers and workers daily. The monumental head house featured numerous amenities including a luxurious hotel, a saloon, a dining hall, lunch rooms, lounges, ticket offices, several offices for the Terminal Railroad Association, and the world's first barrel-vaulted train station concourse, or "Grand Hall."

Over time, as tractive technologies evolved from steam to diesel and to diesel-electric powered engines, St. Louis Union Station too underwent countless changes. With the growing popularity of automobiles and aircraft as alternatives modes of transportation, St. Louis Union Station eventually fell into disuse by the late 1970s. In 1985, the complex was re-opened as a modern commercial center including a shopping complex.

Subject/Index Terms

Railroad stations--Missouri--Saint Louis.
Railroad terminals--Missouri--Saint Louis Region.
Union Station (St. Louis)

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Access Restrictions: Open. Appointments may be required to view this collection due to the large size of the items.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Method: The collection was transferred to the Washington University Archives in 1999 by St. Louis Station Associates.

Original/Copies Note: Items reproduced in digital format are indicated by the note – Digitized.  Digital files are in full RGB color, unless noted as BW (black and white scan) or Grey (greyscale scan).   Inquire with staff for more information.

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by University Archives Staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Meg Tuomala in November 2012. Updated by Sarah Gabriel and Robert Manley in June 2017.

Other Note: NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: When requesting a drawing please include the drawer number, drawing number, description, and date. The drawing number is the four digit number that preceeds the description for each item.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series A],
[Series B],
[Series C],
[Series D],
[Series E],
[Series F],
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Series FAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: AlterationsAdd to your cart.
Box DR 16.12Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Misc. Blueprints of Alterations to Union StationAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Misc. (Fragile) BlueprintsAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Misc. Fred Harvey Blueprints, 1944-1967Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Subways and Depot Master's Office, ca. 1903-1929Add to your cart.
Box DR 16.13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Misc. BlueprintsAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Misc. Blueprints of Depot Master's HouseAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: FragileAdd to your cart.
Box DR 16.14Add to your cart.
Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Drawing #0526: Details of Underground Storeroom at West end of Midway, 9/1911Add to your cart.
Item 2: Drawing #0778: Plat of Property of St. Louis and S.F. R.R. between 23rd and Jefferson Avenue, 12/1902Add to your cart.
Item 3: Drawing #0160: Selection thr B-B looking N [folded]Add to your cart.
Item 4: Drawing Unnumbered: Small sheet with 6 colors and sectionsAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Drawing #1335: Proposed Rearrangement of Union Station Headhouse, 1903Add to your cart.
Item 6: Drawing #1064: Roadway at West Entrance to Main Subway, 4/1904Add to your cart.
Item 7: Drawing #1071: Extension of U.S. Subway-Structural Steel Plan, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 8: Drawing #1072: Extension of U.S. Subway-Footing Plan, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 9: Drawing #1073: Extension of U.S. Subway-Reinforcing Concrete Plan, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 10: Drawing #1074: Extension of U.S. Subway-Typical Cross Section, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 11: Drawing #1075: Extension of U.S. Subway-Longitudinal Sections, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 12: Drawing #1076: Extension of U.S. Subway-Drainage Plan, 7/1929Add to your cart.
Item 13: Drawing #0847: Harveys Dining Room air conditioner locations, 4/1943Add to your cart.
Item 14: Drawing #0051: Enlargement of Ladies Toilet in East Waiting Room, 12/1949Add to your cart.
Item 15: Drawing #0275: Column LocationAdd to your cart.
Item 16: Drawing #0264: Inspection Diagram for Train ShedAdd to your cart.
Item 17: Drawing #0265: Inspection Diagram for Train ShedAdd to your cart.
With Transparency
Item 18: Drawing #0266: Framing Plan of Train Shed RoofAdd to your cart.
Item 19: Drawing #0282: Elevations at Train Shed Platform to determine the difference in height of elevation lifts light and loaded, 6/1944Add to your cart.
Item 20: Drawing Unnumbered: City block 3447, 07/15/1902Add to your cart.
encapsulated
Item 21: Unnumbered Loose sheet (Note: Maybe part of item #0795)Add to your cart.
Item 22: Unnumbered Item: Chart of Maintenance of Way ExpendituresAdd to your cart.
Folder 2Add to your cart.
Item 1: Drawing #0628: South Basement Elevation-Window in Immigrants RoomAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Drawing Unnumbered: Clear mylar - elevationAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Drawing #0153: Cross Section of Grand Waiting Room, 6/1938Add to your cart.
Item 4: Drawing #0641: South Elevation Window Details in Barber ShopAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Drawing #0058: Ground floor framing planAdd to your cart.
Item 6: Drawing #0980: Repairs at Column C-3 in Main Subway, 1/1955Add to your cart.
Item 7: Drawing #0389: Train Shed Details of Connection of Auxilary Trusses to main Trusses E and D, 12/1893Add to your cart.
Item 8: Drawing #0120: Foundation planAdd to your cart.
Item 9: Drawing #0181: South elevationAdd to your cart.
Item 10: Drawing #0180: Front north elevationAdd to your cart.
Item 11: Drawing Unnumbered: Garage next to mail anex (blueprint)Add to your cart.
Folder 3Add to your cart.
Item 1: Cigar store fixtures and Terminal Hotel, 20th & Market StrsAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Proposed Re-Arrangement of ground floor at U. StationAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Addition to the Terminal Hotel - South elevationAdd to your cart.
Item 4: North elevation of NE corner of Union Station, 18th at Market, 05/25/1918Add to your cart.
Item 5: 5 Standards for Arc lampsAdd to your cart.
damaged
Item 6: Building for the Terminal Hotel and Arcade Co. - Sextion on line "AA" looking westAdd to your cart.
Item 7: Addition to the Terminal Hotel Section on the line "BB"Add to your cart.
Item 8: Addition to the Terminal Hotel, Fourth floor planAdd to your cart.
Item 9: Addition to the Terminal Hotel, Third floor planAdd to your cart.
Item 10: Addition to the Terminal Hotel, Second floor planAdd to your cart.
Item 11: Bar fixtures for Terminal Hotel, 6, 05/31/95Add to your cart.
Item 12: Bar fixtures for Terminal Hotel, 1Add to your cart.
Item 13: Bar fixtures for Terminal Hotel, 4Add to your cart.
Item 14: Inch-scale of doors into Dining Room from West corridor 1st floor, New Union Station showing ornamental plaster workAdd to your cart.
Item 15: Office of Terminal RR Association, 3rd Floor, East end of building (corrected, up-to-date), 04/01/1994Add to your cart.
Item 16: Bar fixtures for Terminal Hotel, 3Add to your cart.
Item 17: Bar fixtures for Terminal Hotel, 2Add to your cart.
Item 18: Two brackets for 18th Street Porte CochereAdd to your cart.
drawing damaged
Box DR 16.15Add to your cart.
Folder 4Add to your cart.
Item 1: Misc. Unnumbered DrawingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 5Add to your cart.
Item 1: Misc. Unnumbered DrawingsAdd to your cart.

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